The Maratha emperor Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj is considered as the “Father of Indian Navy”. Shivaji was born on 19th February 1630 in Pune district of Maharashtra. He is one of the finest emperors who formed his military organisation to fight against rival neighbours and he also built a strong naval force across the coast of Konkan and Goa for protection.

The navy force under Shivaji holds a great significance. His strategy to build a strong navy force and secure the kingdom.Where British, Portuguese and Dutch are planning to conquer the nation but Chhatrapati Shivaji has already secured the coastline.

Shivaji built ships, number of sea fort and bases for repair and storage. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj is the only King who found a way to protect the emperor by securing coastline.

India celebrates Navy Day on 4th December every year to celebrate the achievements of the naval force. This day, celebrated in the remembrance of the courageous attack on Karachi harbour during Indo-Pakistan war on4th December 1971.

Three missile boats of the Indian Navy, INS Nipat, INS Nirghat and INS Veer, played a vital role in the attack. Victory in 90 minutes of rivalry, Indian warships fired six missiles and eradicate fuel storage facility at the Karachi harbour.

Indian Navy is now upgraded with the latest technology and operates some of the most modern ships and submarines besides maritime patrol aircraft.

  • INS Kadmatt was commissioned in Vizag in January this year.
  • INS Tarmugli and INS Tihayu were also commissioned after the attack.
  • Seven Hawk aircraft were also inducted into the Navy besides commissioning of INS Karma, the base for Indian Navy’s Marcos in Vizag.
  • INS Satpura was the first Indian Navy ship to visit the Marshall Islands and Micronesia.

The first aircraft built in India is INS Virat, built by Cochin Shipyard in Kochi, Kerala for the Indian Navy to fight against any war. The motto of the ship is Jayema Sam Yudhi Sprdhah, which is taken from Rigveda 1.8.3 and can be translated as “I defeat those who fight against me”.

INS Kursura was India’s fifth submarine. Kursura served 31years of service and it also participated in Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. She was commissioned on 18 December 1969 and was decommissioned on 27 February 2001. After decommissioning, she was preserved at a museum for public access on RK Beach in Visakhapatnam.

As per the latest report, the Indian Navy is going to conduct its flagship large-scale exercise TROPEX (Theatre Level Operational Readiness Exercise) from January to March 2019 to test the robustness of entire coastal security. It is a yearly exercise that takes place on Western Seaboard.TROPEX is conducted to test various aspects, joint combat capabilities, test war, operational warfighting, sharpen skills, strengthen interoperability and joint operations in a complex conflict situation.

It provides an opportunity to test the combat capability of the Indian Navy, Indian Army and Indian Airforce. The Indian Navy safeguard the national maritime boundaries. Recently more than 67000 soldiers employed.T he motto of the Indian Navy is  “Sham No Varunaḥ” it means may lord of Water be auspicious unto us.

The Great Maratha ruler Chhatrapati Shivaji had formed a navy in his force back in 1612 and strengthen the roots which nowadays help to secure the coastline during war or any mishap.


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