SAWEN, a regional network comprises eight countries in South Asia: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. It aims at working as a strong regional inter-governmental body for combating wildlife crime by attempting common goals and approaches for combating illegal trade in the region. The “five-C’s” approach to fight the wildlife crime includes “communication, coordination, collaboration, capacity building and cooperation in the region.”
Following objectives have been set to attain the goal :
To take initiatives for bringing harmonization and standardization in laws and policies of member countries concerning conservation of fauna and Flora;
To document the trend of poaching and illegal trade and related threats to the natural biodiversity within and across countries in the region;
To strengthen institutional responses to combat wildlife crime by promoting research and information sharing, training and capacity building, technical support, sharing experiences and outreach; and
To encourage member countries to prepare and implement their National Action Plans in curbing wildlife crime and to collaborate towards effective implementation.
The South Asia region is very vulnerable to illegal traffic and wildlife crimes due to the presence of precious biodiversity and large markets as well as traffic routes for wildlife products in the South East Asian region. The collaboration in harmonizing as well as enforcing the wildlife protection in the region is considered very important for the effective conservation of such precious biodiversity.