Joël Robuchon, an interminably creative French gourmet expert who earned a record number of Michelin stars by recasting French haute cooking in an individual style that accentuated extreme flavours and exact method, kicked the bucket on Monday in Geneva. He was 73.
The French government reported his demise. A companion, David Khayat, who said he was with Mr. Robuchon when he kicked the bucket, told the French daily paper Le Figaro that the reason was difficulties of a pancreatic tumour.
Mr. Robuchon, best known as of late for the chain of little eateries he called ateliers, astonished the French culinary world with his first Paris eatery, Jamin, which earned three Michelin stars in record speed, a simple three years in the wake of the opening in 1981.
Traditionally prepared and profoundly affected by nouvelle food, he played with the dialect of great French cooking, turning out a progression of dishes amazing for their inebriating flavours and their excellence on the plate.
They could be disarmingly basic. His margarine loaded potato purée, one of numerous moment works of art, comprised of four fixings — potatoes, spread, drain and salt — yet his work escalated procedure of drying the potatoes and steadily presenting chilled margarine and bubbling milk hoisted the dish a long ways past its station.
More mind boggling creations included caviar in a delicate aspic with cauliflower cream, truffle tart and ravioli loaded with langoustine in a vegetable and foie-gras stock.
Joël Robuchon was conceived on April 7, 1945, in Poitiers, in western France. His dad, Henri, was an artisan, and his mom, Julienne (Douteau) Robuchon, was a housemaid. At 12 he entered the lesser theological college in Mauléon-sur-Sèvre, northwest of Poitiers, with the expectation of turning into a minister. In any case, he found another livelihood while helping the nuns get ready suppers. At 15 he started an apprenticeship at the Relais de Poitiers, an inn and eatery in Chasseneuil-du-Poitou.
As a major aspect of a program called the Compagnons du Devoir, he went all through France in his mid 20s concentrate territorial cooking styles and acing conventional systems. In the meantime, the new reasoning about French cooking that would advance into nouvelle food established a profound connection on him, particularly the accentuation on freshness and trustworthiness of crude materials.
“One of his most loved lines was, ‘Our activity isn’t to influence a mushroom to suggest a flavor like a carrot, however, to influence a mushroom to taste as much like a mushroom as it can,’ ” Ms. Wells, the co-creator of Mr. Robuchon’s cookbook “Just French” (1991), said by phone.
At the stature of his popularity, Mr. Robuchon unexpectedly resigned, frequented, he stated, by the case of Alain Chapel and Jean Troisgros, awesome culinary experts who kicked the bucket ahead of schedule from the efforts of the exchange. (Both passed on in their 50s.) He swung to broadcasting in France, showing up on the every day program “Cook Like a Great Chef” and the gigantically well known “Bon Appétit, You Bet!,” which kept running for a long time.
After a time of doing counseling work and venturing to the far corners of the planet, Mr. Robuchon concocted another idea, impacted by the tapas bars of Spain and the sushi counters of Japan. The thought, he wrote in his cookbook “L’Atelier de Joël Robuchon” (2006), was “a little place, with 15 or 20 seats, maybe a couple people at the stoves, with an unconstrained, solid food in light of what the culinary expert finds at the market each day.”
Mr. Robuchon’s numerous cookbooks incorporate “Joel Robuchon: Cooking Through the Seasons” (1995), “The Complete Robuchon” (2008) and “Sustenance and Life” (2014), composed with Dr. Nadia Volf. He drove the article group that modified the Larousse Gastronomique, France’s chief culinary reference work, distributed in the United States in 2001.
This spring, working together with Hiroshi Sakurai, the executive of Dassai purpose, he opened La Boutique Dassaï Joël Robuchon, an eatery and tea salon in Paris with a purpose bar included.