Climate change is becoming an important topic for every country. As its effects are going to be hazardous for every creature of Earth. There are many discussions going on an international level for getting the solution for this problem. The consequences of climate change are melting of glaciers, drying up of rivers, irregular rain etc.
Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns. When that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years). So, It may refer to a change in average weather conditions or in the time variation of weather around longer-term average conditions (i.e., more or fewer extreme weather events). There are many factors causing Climate change. They are biotic processes, variations in solar radiation which Earth receives, Tectonic plate movements, and volcanic eruption. Hence, Certain human activities have been identified as primary causes of ongoing climate change often referred to as global warming. In 1966, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) proposed the term “climatic change” to encompass all forms of climatic variability on time-scales longer than 10 years, regardless of cause.
Factors that can shape climate are called climate forcings or “forcing mechanisms”. These include processes such as variations in solar radiation, variations in the Earth’s orbit, variations in the albedo or reflectivity of the continents, atmosphere, and oceans, mountain- building and continental drift and changes in greenhouse gas concentrations.There are many anthropogenic factors also. Of most concern in these anthropogenic factors is the increase in CO2 levels. This is due to emissions from fossil fuel combustion, followed by aerosols (particulate matter in the atmosphere), and the CO2 released by cement manufacture. Other factors, including land use, ozone depletion, animal husbandry (ruminant animals such as cattle produce methane, as deter mites), and deforestation, are also of concern in the roles they play – both separately and in conjunction with other factors – in affecting climate, microclimate, and measures of climate variables.
Now, this is the time to reduce the anthropogenic activities. They are affecting our climate as glaciers are melting down and vegetation is decreasing. So, if we want to save our earth then it’s time to wake up and save our world.